In addition, a Forestry Master Plan to determine land use and promote forestry development as well as a Coastal Zone Management Plan were developed.
A National Biodiversity Action Plan has been prepared with World Bank assistance to protect and manage biodiversity.
These programmes for economic and human resources development enabled Sri Lanka to achieve a comparatively high quality of life at low per capita income levels.
From the mountainous regions nine major rivers and 94 other rivers flow across the lowlands into the Indian Ocean.Sri Lanka, despite its small size, has a rich biodiversity distributed within a wide range of ecosystems,ranging from rainforests to grasslands, rivers, wetlands and freshwater bodies and coastal and marine ecosystems.Sectoral EIA guidelines are being finalized for a number of sectors.Environment Protection Licensing [EPL] Scheme is compulsory for all projects. Sri Lanka has signed and ratified the UNCED agreements and conventions.Sri Lanka is a small island in the Indian Ocean with a land area of 25,000 square miles and a population of 18.3 million.
Topographically the island consists of a south central mountainous region which rises to an elevation of 2,502m and is surrounded by broad lowland plains at an elevation of 0-75 m above sea level.
The Ministry of Forestry and Environment continues the implementation of obligations under these international conventions on the environment, such as the Montreal Protocol, Climate Change Convention, Basel Convention and the Biodiversity Convention.
In formulating environment policy and in implementing action plans to meet the obligations under international conventions, the Ministry of Environment uses interagency committees representative of all development Ministries/Agencies, the private sector and the NGO sector.
Information Provided by the Government of Sri Lanka to the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development New York 20 November 1997 United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs Division for Sustainable Development The Information contained in this Country Profile is also available on the World Wide Web, as follows: This country profile has been provided by: Name of Ministry/Office: Ministry of Forestry & Environment Date: 20 November 1997 Submitted by: (Ms) C.
Amerasekare Additional Secretary Ministry of Forestry & Environment Mailing address: Ministry of Forestry & Environment No.
Consequently, there may be some minor inconsistencies among the formats of the different country profiles.